One of the main challenges facing humanity in the coming decades is to balance the increase in food production with the environmental sustainability of the planet.
Agricultural food production is one of the biggest environmental impacts, and current population and consumption ratios also indicate that food demand will double by 2050.
One of the possible answers to this demand is the “sustainable intensification” of agriculture, increasing yields (kg / ha) and simultaneously reducing the environmental impact.
To improve this process of food production in agriculture it is necessary to measure the starting situation.
To do this we need indicators that measure the impact of food production and establish an initial starting point.
From establishing a starting point we can start improvements in agricultural production processes to reduce the environmental impact of agricultural production.
There are currently two indicators of environmental sustainability that are able to meet the impacts on agriculture: Water Footprint and Carbon Footprint.
Both water footprint and carbon footprint are expressed in Kg or Tn of product obtained. With what we quickly understand, production volume is one of the most important factors in the environmental sustainability of agriculture.
The Water Footprint is divided into three fingerprints that must be analyzed separately:
Blue Water Footprint refers to the consumption of blue water resources (surface or groundwater) throughout the product’s production chain.
The Green Water Footprint refers to the consumption of green water resources (rainwater that does not become runoff but is incorporated into agricultural products).
Gray Water Footprint refers to pollution and is defined as the volume of fresh water required to assimilate a load of pollutants given natural concentrations and environmental water quality standards.
The most recognized Water Footprint calculation methodologies are those developed by the Water Footprint Network (WFN) and by ISO 14046.
The Carbon Footprint calculates the CO2 emissions released by the production of one kg or Tn of product.
The Carbon Footprint indicator takes into account the environmental impacts of different production processes, from machinery hours to fertilizer manufacturing and application.
The most recognized carbon footprint calculation methodologies in agriculture are PAS 2050 and ISO 14067.
eFoodPrint ENV allows these environmental sustainability indicators to be calculated and improved quickly and professionally.
To know more, consult this information.